The Climate and Clean Air Coalition’s Initiative to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) from Household Cooking and Domestic Heating has funded the development of a pioneering methodology for quantifying and monitoring emissions of black carbon and other SLCPs. The methodology, developed and launched this week by the Gold Standard Foundation of Geneva, Switzerland, will help drive finance into projects that provide an immediate and measurable impact on mitigating climate change at the local level.
Black carbon is a byproduct of burning diesel, coal, firewood, and crop residue. Categorised as a ‘short-lived’ climate pollutant, its negative impacts are both fast-acting and extensive. Black carbon increases the melting of ice and glaciers, harms public health, reduces food security and disrupts weather patterns. With the reduction of carbon dioxide taking a priority under the Kyoto Protocol, mitigating short-lived climate pollutants, such as black carbon, have taken a back seat with many organisations and governments. However, recent studies show that black carbon may be responsible for close to 20% of the planet’s warming, making it the second highest contributor to climate change after carbon dioxide.